Know All About Oral Health

You might be surprised to know that the key indicator of your good and well-being health is your oral health. It indicates the quality of life you are living. Hence, maintaining good oral health is of utmost importance not only for your teeth but also for overall wellbeing.

Besides making you feel and look good, healthy teeth also ease in eating and speaking. Maintaining healthy teeth is a commitment for life. Hence, the earlier you pick up proper oral hygiene habits, the easier it will be for you to avoid dental and other health-related issues.

The article ‘know all about oral health’ covers all the vital knowledge that one must have about oral care and hygiene. In addition to that, you will learn everything from the importance of oral care floss to teeth whitening. 

Besides, check out our other articles to know more about the best oral care routine, kits, products, and teeth cleaning kits.

Facts About Oral Health

Based on the research, oral health diseases are prevalent. Improper oral hygiene is one of the main reasons. Few facts about oral health are;

  1. 60% to 90% of children between 11 to 14 years of age have a minimum of one dental cavity.
  2. While 100% of the adults between 20 to 64 age have one dental cavity.
  3. 15% to 20% severe gum disease is standard among 35 to 44 age adults.
  4. 30% of people between 65 to 74 age have artificial teeth. They have no natural teeth.
  5. Out of 10 thousand people, 1 to 10 cases of oral cancer are there.
  6. In under-developed countries or among poor people improper hygiene has resulted in a high ratio of oral diseases.

Symptoms of Oral Problems

There are various symptoms of oral disease. Moreover, people experiencing any of the symptoms must immediately visit a doctor.

Toothache

Toothache is the hurting of the jaw or mouth. Mostly it signals tooth cavity and gum diseases. Nevertheless, sometimes it indicates inflammation or a stuck tooth.

Swollen and Bleeding Gum 

Adapting a new oral care floss way, irregular hygiene, or brushing hardly can result in swollen and bleeding gums. However, sometimes, this symptom indicates the early stage of gum disease, i.e., gingivitis. It is curable and also reversible. Hence, if it happens regularly, consult the doctor immediately.

Sensitivity

Tooth decay, worn fillings, fractured teeth, worn tooth enamel, gum disease, and exposed tooth roots can result in sensitive teeth. They will hurt you while drinking cold or hot beverages. 

Mouth Sores

It can be an indicator of various things. For instance, any disorder, disease, or infection from fungus, virus, or bacteria. It can also be a consequence of irritation caused by broken teeth, braces, or dentures. If they last longer than a week or two, one needs to consult the doctor.

Bad Breath

There are many causes of bad breath. For instance, unhygienic, smoking, or dry mouth. However, persistent bad breath is an indication of gum disease. 

Jaw Clicking or Pain

Various reasons can cause jaw clicking. For example, toothache, sinus problems, gingivitis, teeth grinning, or injury. X-ray and also detailed examination can determine the source.

Dry Mouth

Specific medication or medical disorders can result in dry mouths. Hence, if you face frequent dry mouth issues, you must consult a doctor.

Broken or Cracked Tooth

Teeth grinding injury or brittle teeth can be the reasons for a broken or cracked tooth. Besides, they are extremely painful. Thus, one must treat them instantly.

Receding Gums

Receding gum is the condition when your teeth’ root surface is exposed. Moreover, poor oral health causes them, and if not treated on time, this might lead to tooth loss. 

Loose Teeth

Losing teeth in an adult is a matter of concern. Bacteria and infection cause are due to improper oral care and avoiding doing floss.

Stained Teeth

With time the teeth whitening starts disappearing. Moreover, it changes color and becomes stained. It is the result of excess unhealthy eating and also low lifestyle. Consult a doctor for teeth whitening.

How Bacteria Infect Teeth?

The leading cause of oral diseases is neglecting oral care, inappropriate hygiene, improper life routine, and also tobacco. Because of inadequate oral care routine, bacteria, fungi, and viruses accumulate in your cavity, leading to various diseases.

High sugar intake can also flourish acid-producing bacteria. That acid causes dental cavities by dissolving in tooth enamel.

Bacteria accumulating near the gum line can cause plaque. Further, improper brushing can cause plaque to harden and spread on your tooth. At the last, it will result in inflammation leading to gingivitis.

Furthermore, if left untreated, the inflammation may increase, resulting in pus leading to a more advanced disease called Periodontitis.  

Causes of Gingivitis and Periodontitis

The various factors of these diseases are;

  1. Bad brushing habits
  2. Use of tobacco
  3. Alcohol and smoking
  4. High intake of sugary items
  5. Diabetes
  6. Genetics
  7. Medications
  8. Infections
  9. Vomiting
  10. Heartburn

Oral Diseases Diagnosis

Dental exams help in diagnosing oral diseases. The complete physical examination includes the observation of the following things

  1. Lips
  2. Tongue
  3. Lymph nodes
  4. Mucosa lining cheeks
  5. Gums/gingiva
  6. Mouth’s floor and roof
  7. Natural and artificial teeth
  8. Saliva

If requisite, the dentist may also take various tests. Those include MRI scan, X-ray, endoscopy, or CT scan. 

Types of Oral Diseases

According to WHO, Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 estimated that 3.5 billion people are affected by oral diseases. The main cause is inadequate oral hygiene. The various types of diseases are;

  1. Cavities
  2. Gingivitis
  3. Periodontitis
  4. Cracked/Broken Teeth
  5. Canker sores
  6. Cold sores
  7. Dry Mouth
  8. TMD
  9. Oral cancer

Cavities

In our teeth, bacteria are always multiplying, which results in plaque formation. It is a colorless sticky substance and also the leading cause of tooth decay and various gum diseases. Besides, continuing the improper oral care routine and floss results in the hardening of plaque called tartar. Only the dentist can remove the tartar. With time it can destroy your tooth leading to permeant damage.

Gingivitis

The inflammation of gums leads to gum disease called gingivitis. The leading cause is untreated plaque. Gingivitis results in swelling and bleeding of gums during brushing and flossing. If left untreated, it may result in more dangerous diseases.

Periodontitis

When gingivitis is left untreated, the infection spreads to bones and jaw, leading to Periodontitis. It can trigger an inflammatory response in the body.

Cracked/Broken Teeth

Personal bad habits can result in cracked teeth. It can also result from mouth injury, bruxism (teeth grinding), or chewing hard foods. Using teeth as tool damages tooth enamel and cracks it. Hence, it can be excruciating.

Abscessed Tooth

Due to bacterial infection, pus is formed in various parts of the tooth. It is called a dental abscess or abscessed tooth. The common reason for this is a deep cavity and also a cracked tooth.

Canker Sores

Canker sores, also known as aphthous ulcers, occur at the gum’s base or in the mouth’s tissue. They are non-contagious and mostly occur due to stress or hormonal changes. Deficiency of B12 or iron can also result in canker sores.  

Cold Sores

Colder sores or blisters occur on lips. They are the cause of herpes virus type 1. One can also get them by sharing a glass. Healing of these blisters takes time.

Dry Mouth

Tobacco, drugs, alcohol are the leading cause of dry mouths. Sometimes certain medications also result in dry mouths. For instance, antihistamines, painkillers, decongestants, and diuretics. At times, salivary glands stop working, resulting in a dry mouth. This is the indication of certain diseases.

TMD

Temporomandibular disorders or TMD occur because of misalignment of teeth and jaw joints. This can be due to an accident or injury.

Oral cancer

80 to 90% of oral cancer causes are from alcohol and tobacco use. It can be caused at gums, lips, tongues, cheek, palate, and mouth’s floor. Excess use of tobacco can also magnify the risk of cancer. Sometimes sun exposure can cause lips cancer. Hence it is essential to visit doctors regularly and take proper oral care routine and proper floss.  

The answer to this question is a big Yes. Various researches have also been done that show there is a deep connection between them. You can have a healthy body only if you have a healthy mouth. According to the mayo clinic, oral diseases can cause

  1. Endocarditis
  2. Various Heart problems
  3. Premature birth
  4. Low birth weight

Bacteria infecting your mouth can quickly spread to the bloodstream causing damage to your body. Besides, infective endocarditis is hazardous. Hence, proper oral care and hygiene are essential for living a healthy life.

Treatment of Oral Disease

There are various ways to treat gum diseases. It includes both surgical and non-surgical ways. Even if you are taking proper oral care along with proper floss, it is recommended to visit the doctor twice a year for a routine checkup.

Non-Surgical Ways

The non-surgical method of treatment does not involve surgeries. It includes

  1. Professional cleaning
  2. Scaling and Root Planing
  3. Fluoride treatment  
  4. Antibiotics
  5. Professional Cleaning

While brushing and flossing, if you have missed any plaque, it can be cleaned by the dentist. It is recommended to have twice a year professional cleaning by dentists. After removing plaque, a high-powered brush is used to brush your teeth. Lastly, flossing washes away the debris.

Scaling and Root Planing

It is a deep cleaning method that removes tartar from below and above the gum line. They are often missed in routine cleaning. After scarping away tartar, the rough spots are smoothed. It also removes the bacteria and provides a clean surface to gums. Hence they can attach back to teeth.

Fluoride Treatment  

This treatment will help in getting rid of cavities. In addition to that, it will strengthen the tooth enamel. Hence they will become resistant to bacteria and acid.

Antibiotics

Medications often cure gum infections and tooth abscesses. Besides, the antibiotic can be mouth wash, oral tablet, gel, or capsule.

Surgical Ways

Surgical methods involve surgeries. They fixed or replace broken teeth. It includes

  1. Flap Surgery
  2. Bone grafting
  3. Soft Tissue Grafts
  4. Tooth extraction
  5. Bone surgery
  6. Dental Implants

Flap Surgery

In this method, the dentist removes the tartar and lifts the gums back. A small cut is made in the gum to raise the section of tissue. After that, it is stitched back. This method decreases gum and tooth spacing. Hence, reducing the chances of harmful bacteria growth.

Bone Grafting

This method involves the replacement of the damaged bones by a graft. The graft may be pieces of your bone, donated or synthetic bone.

Soft Tissue Grafts

Receding gums are treated by this method. The surgeon may use your mouth tissue or donor tissue to stitch in the affected area. 

Tooth extraction

This method is done when dentists are unable to save your tooth by surgery or root canal. 

Bone surgery

Sometimes bacteria hollow the teeth resulting in bone loss. Succeeding flap surgery, bone is reshaped. It reduces bacteria growth and accumulation in the carters.

Dental Implants

In this method, missing teeth are replaced. The teeth may be lost due to disease or accident. Dentist implant surgically into the jawbone. After the completion of the implant, your bone will grow.

Preventions

Even if your disease has been cured and you have healthy teeth, it is essential to take preventive measures and keep them healthy for a lifetime.

Brush Your Teeth Before Sleeping.

It is highly encouraged to brush your teeth before going to bed. Doctors usually recommend brushing twice a day. Besides, use fluoride toothpaste.

Proper Brushing

Brushing twice a day is useless if it is not done correctly. Take your time while brushing. Move it gently and also in a circular motion to remove plaque.

Brush Tongue

People often neglect the tongue while brushing. Plaque can buildup on the tongue as well. Hence, brush your tongue too correctly.

Flossing Your Teeth

Flossing not only removes stuck parts. However, it also reduces plaque formation, inflammation and stimulates gums. Hence, oral care floss once a day is a must in your routine.

Mouthwash

Mouthwash has incredible benefits, but people often ignore it. It reduces mouth acid, cleans areas that are hard to brush, and also re-mineralizes teeth. Hence, its use comes first in oral hygiene. Consult your dentist for the best mouthwash and use them daily.

Drink Water

Drinking more water will not only improve your overall health but also has excellent benefits for your oral health too. Hence, one must drink plenty of water.

Intake of Fish Fruits and Vegetables

Fresh fruits and vegetables contain healthy fibers that are certainly necessary for your oral health. Hence, try minimizing the intake of overly cooked food and start eating healthy crunch vegetables and fruits.

Minimize Sugary Food

Sugar is transformed into acid, which destroys enamel leading to cavities. Hence, avoid sugary and acid foods.

Yearly Checkup  

Even if you are properly fit, you must visit the dentist twice a year for your oral checkup as seeking dental care is essential for your health.

Conclusion

Taking care of your oral health is crucial. One must take care of his mouth as much as he takes care of his body. The infections in the mouth have diverse effects on your body. Hence, one must be following the proper oral care routine religiously. Along with that, one must also take all preventive measures to avoid diseases in the future. As your overall wellbeing depends on both factors. Hence you must take care of them properly.

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