Know Your Skin Type

In your routine hustle-bustle, you are a victim of several things, for instance, day heat, violent lights, dusty weather, and many pathogens in the environment. To deal with such norms before you, your skin stands. The skin covering your whole body is known as your body’s largest organ, with 1.7 sq meters. [1]It is considered the first line of defense to your body.

Above all, it performs three significant functions to support your body system, protection, regulation, and sensation. Skin restrains the harsh heat, violent lights, awkward pathogens, and infections from entering your system. It fights with foreign invaders and forbids them to break into the body.

Additionally, it contains pigments that guard against ultraviolet rays. It also stores fats and plays a role in producing Vitamin ‘D’ folates. The skin prevents excess water loss, keeps you hydrated, and regulates moisture to attain a glow. The changing temperature and humidity play a significant role in maintaining your body temperature accordingly. It assists the balance of the fluids and controls moisture loss.

Skin is the reason you are alerted before physical incidents occur. It acts as a shield and shock absorber. It mechanizes your body to shiver for muscular movement to attain heat and conserve it during the cold.

At the same time, hot it perspires to cool down your body when it gets hot under the influence of the environment. Your skin condition may differ accordingly to several environmental conditions and internal and external factors.

Hence, it would help if you also considered a skincare routine where your skin cares about you. Your skin needs a routine check-up and treatment to keep paying its duty. Jessica Griffiths claimed, “skincare is an art and a science, but don’t be intimidated: this is something we can all learn.” Though the skin types differ from person to person, the processes to care also alter. By knowing your skin type, you will be comfortable choosing authentic products that can protect you from skin diseases like skin rash and itchy skin.

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Different Types Of Skin

There are six basic types of skin; they are:

  • Dry skin
  • Oily skin
  • Combination skin
  • Balanced skin
  • Sensitive skin
  • Aging skin

Your skin differs based on genetic makeup. Several products in today’s market are designed for different skin. However, everyone needs to understand which type of skin they have. Skin type can be differentiated merely by general observation. 


What Is Dry skin?

It is famous for dry skin that appears dull and lifeless. It may look rough, flaky, and scaly. This type of skin lacks glow. This type of skin produces less sebum and becomes uneven, brittle, or itchy. Such skin type feels tight or less elastic; it may be prone to show more visible scales. Moreover, it may sometimes be irritable.

Dry skin lessens the glow because it is coated with the roughly dead skin cells on the surface, due to which light reflects in all different directions. In contrast, if your skin has a smooth surface due to enough hydration, it will reflect the light fairly so that the glow will be more prominent. Some factors are involved in encouraging dry skin, for instance, sun exposure, hot showers, and over-exfoliating with products such as salicylic or glycolic acid.

However, Dryness and dehydration are two different arguments, but they are considered in the same category because of having very similar symptoms. Here is how to figure out them,

Furthermore, skin appears dry when the oil or sebum production is not enough to regulate your skin. Dryness causes flakiness, itchiness, and cracks. It is concerned with many environmental conditions or skin infections Atopic dermatitis (eczema). 

If the skin is not obtaining enough moisture, it causes dehydration. While dehydrated, your skin might feel tight and thin, flimsy appearance. Dry skin exists in different degrees that cannot usually be finely distinguishable. It ranges from drier than average to more parched and extremely dry.

Recommendations For Dry skin

Dry skin lacks moisture, so it is readily eager for creamier products, let alone a lotion or gel. To take good care of your skin, you will want to apply rich dry skin moisturizer in the morning and night, especially after face wash. Moreover, routine the use of sunscreen as well.

It is also recommended to avoid scorching showers, merely use lukewarm water, take a bath for a limited time of 5 to 10 minutes, dab your skin gently with a towel and, eventually, slather on the moisturizer.

It is advised to apply soap and cleanser gently but only smudges enough cleaner to remove the dirt; overuse of soap may lead to patches and irritation. Harsh soaps or products that contain citric oils or sulfates can irritate your skin. It is highly opinionated only to use gentle and fragrance-free skin products. 

Perhaps, if your skin is dehydrated, choose to use more aqua products and drink more water each day. In the case of dry skin, it is suggested not to use oil-based products. Such effects can worsen your skin condition. Hydrating your skin is always a good option; it will make your skin look more refreshing, younger, and present a subtle glow.


What Is Oily Skin?

To maintain the moisture, your skin secretes natural oils; it is said to be healthy, though when this secretion breaks out over the average level, indicating that you have oily skin. Especially if you have larger pores on your skin, you inevitably overproduce Oil on your skin.

This overproduction is known as sebum. You found plenty of sebum in the case of oily skin- especially throughout the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin). This excess sebum becomes an open route to blemish and acne blow up. 

Better recognition of oily skin can be possible when you have an oily film on your face and you encounter several breakouts on your skin that become intolerable. Oily skin feels coated and sticky when sunscreen or a moisturizer is used. Furthermore, you are more expected to be prone to oily skin; if you apply moisturizer or any other moisturizing skin product, you encounter a breakout.

If you have oily skin, you will notice a visible glow. On the other hand, you experience a terrible connection with makeup products, etc. Moreover, oily skin tends to develop enlarged, clearly visible pores. It is prone to blackheads and whiteheads and diverse types of acne. Several blackheads and whiteheads are visible on the face and often on the neck, shoulders, back, and chest. You will have thick and pale skin, through which blood vessels might not be visible. The skin is more likely to develop red and inflamed skin.

Recommendations For Oily Skin

Thick creams and moisturizers are not for oily skin, but that doesn’t mean you should avoid the water. Water and Oil are two different things; your oily skin can still be dehydrated. For such means, it is recommended to hydrate oily skin with hyaluronic acid (an ingredient found in most moisturizers). Hyaluronic acid prevents water loss and never leaves an even film on the surface.

Your oily skin seeks more of your attention and care; therefore,  dermatologists recommend oily skin carriers always use gentle soap as harsh cleansers can stimulate further oil production. Try to choose a cleaner that lessens the oiliness. If a basic facial cleanser isn’t helpful enough to remove oiliness, try a product that involves an acid such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or beta-hydroxy acid. However, these acids can cause skin rash sometimes; try a small quantity to test how your skin goes with it. The number of products containing these acids is excellent for people who experience acne, yet they are acceptable for people who only encounter oily skin. 

Clean your oily skin with Oily skin face wash and warm water- not too hot- because the harsh temperature can irritate the skin; also,  never over wash your face, as when your pores will dry out, it encourages more Oil to breakout.

Nevertheless, you have oily skin; you still need moisturizers. Use the oil-free moisturizer; make sure the product avoids the elements like mineral oil, petroleum, and alcohol. It is OK to use chemical exfoliants and clay masks. Medicated pads are also recommended; they are super comfortable and favorable for your beauty routine. On the other hand, blotting paper is an excellent option if you have oily skin as it doesn’t dry out the skin. Blotting papers are known to be convenient and easy to use. 

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What Is Combination Skin?

Some dermatologists believe that it is not a skin type, so there is no proper definition for Combination skin. Though, as for describing, it is said that if your skin is dry through some areas, while you experience Oil in some others, you are more likely to have a combination of two skin types- oily and dry.

In combination skin, the T-zone will be more oily while the cheeks and rest of the face will be dry or normal. Thus, the oiler part of the skin produces more sebum, hence, overproduction, whereas drier amounts of the skin lack sebum, flaky and itchy. 

Recommendations For Combination Skin

IF you experience the oiler T-Zone than the rest of your face, it is recommended to use such products with oily skin but only in oily areas. You can use different products for your T-Zone: forehead, nose, and chin. 

You will be significantly more likely to avoid the same ingredients as oily and dry skin, like alcohol-based products, and prefer to choose fragrance-free gentle products.

The difficulty with the combination is skin is to restrain the balance; for this purpose, the balance can be maintained with a nourishing toner. Dermatologists recommend only applying toner in your oily areas, such as your T-zone if we talk about toner. They suggest avoiding Recommendations for combination skin the toner in the dry areas of your skin as it tends to become harsh and leave a rash.

Depending on the hot or cold seasons, you can choose the skin products according to your skin condition.


What Is Balanced Skin?

Balanced skin is usually famous as Normal skin. It is well balanced and doesn’t show several overreactions. Your skin will not react worse if you try some new products, nor it get much influenced by the weather changes. 

Favorably, it will have delicate pores, good blood circulation, and no blemishes. It is not prone to frequent breakouts, neither it encounters flakiness; or tightness. Instead, it is velvety soft and carries a smooth texture. 

You don’t feel the need for moisture or manage the Oil from your face. Your day will satisfy your firm skin with minimal fine lines and wrinkles. Precisely, Balanced skin is tolerable to general skin hazards.

Though dermatologists believe that there is no proper condition for having a balanced type of skin, if you have balanced skin, that probably means that your skin is healthy, well-hydrated, and less likely to be prone to sensitivity and blemishes.

Recommendations For Balanced Skin

As the balanced skin has almost no sensitivity, dryness, or oiliness, hence, tolerates varying types of ingredients; so you can have many experiences with different beauty products, cleansers, and face masks until you find out which exactly suits you.

Balanced skin manages enough sebum to keep the skin hydrated, so it can also be said that balanced skin is oily skin with merely enough sebum production to balance the skin and keep it healthy. Moreover, dermatologists believe balanced skin is just a combination of skin with constant conditions; therefore, balanced skin recommendations are almost the same as combined.


What Is Sensitive Skin?

Sensitive skin is more prone to inflammation. It is a solemn skin type, but you might have oily and sensitive skin or dry and sensitive skin. 

Sensitive skin might be caused by several factors, including genetics, allergies, and environmental exposures. This type of skin flushes easily and experiences frequent rashes and bumps. It tends to have severe acne and pores with more oily breakouts. It inflames after encountering several skincare products. Moreover, this kind of skin reacts negatively to fragrances and dyes. It tends to develop patches of dry, irritated, and flaky skin. 

If you have sensitive skin, you might have acne, rosacea, or experience dermatitis (a red, itchy type of rash). It is prone to stinging and burning especially. This skin is more vulnerable to environmental irritants and couldn’t be put on with several skincare products.

Your skin doesn’t need to be permanently sensitive, maybe, because you have over-exfoliated or used more harsh products; that’s why your skin has become more acute. It can be treated with general calm treatments.

Recommendations For Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin is susceptible and seeks critical care. If you have such a kind of skin, you should avoid harsh compounds in beauty products that become a threat to your skin.

People with acne and sensitive skin should significantly avoid isopropyl myristate, a well-known ingredient in hair conditioners. While choosing cosmetics and products, you should be aware of choosing wisely as your skin is more prone to irritation, redness, stinging, burning, and breakouts from increasing acne.

Avoiding fragrances and irritants like alcohol or antibacterial ingredients are highly recommended. On the other hand, you may seek products with calming, hydrating, healing, and anti-inflammatory properties. You can also bring change to your environment to reduce exposure to external threats. Wisely determine what goes with your skin and apply the moisturizers and products to heal and tranquilize your skin condition.

Use a gentle, fragrance-free soap and avoid harshly exfoliating or inflammatory products. Also, try using organic cleaning supplies. Chemical sunscreen and alcoholic products are also recommended to prevent foremost. While applying the skincare products, try to produce less friction, as more conflict triggers sensitive skin. 

Sodium Lauryl Sulfates are usually an ingredient in our shampoos, but it is sometimes also used in several -care products; this ingredient is very intolerable to sensitive skin.


What Is Aging Skin?

Aging skin is finely recognizable as it is pretty different from premature skin. The symptoms of aging skin are pretty universal, though not everyone’s skin ages constantly. Your skin ages based on several factors, including diet, hereditary, lifestyle( stress, obesity, facial movement or sleeping position), and other personal habits, for instance, smoking (which can promote free radicals, damaged cells, and premature wrinkles). 

As the skin ages, you might notice numerous wrinkles and dry spots. These wrinkles and spots are caused by more exposure to the sun (photoaging) due to experiencing pollution. [2] The loss of fatty tissue support between your skin and muscles or because of normal aging. Your skin becomes slack and more strenuous; it tends to lose the elastin (elastic tissues), leading the skin to hang. 

The ultraviolet light from the sun damages the elastin in your skin. Elastin is a fiber in your skin that maintains elasticity in your skin. When the elastin fibers break down, they cause sagginess, and your skin stretches as it loses its ability to restore after trying. Your premature sun exposure damage later in life. It causes bruises, and the skin tends to tear more easily and takes more time to heal.

The aged skin becomes drier due to dehydration. You may also notice sagging and dullness due to less moisture and exceeding the skin’s age.

Recommendations For Aging Skin

Aging skin seeks to enrich care because it has to bear both past and future damages. It is significant to make an anti-aging routine, including treatments, that can stimulate collagen and shelter you against the aggression of the environment and foreign invaders. 

Sunlight exposure is the biggest offender to your aging skin. The sun damage cannot be wholly restored but, better late than never, prevent yourself from further sun exposure and skin cancer. It is recommended to wear hats, stay less exposed to the sun, and routinely use sunscreen. According to a recent study, a broad spectrum SPF 30 sunscreen can blur age spots, improve skin texture, flatten wrinkles, and prevent harsh UV rays.  Lasers can also help the severe skin damage. 

Cleansing is a part of hygiene, but use a gentle cleanser to restrain your skin from damage as your skin is matured. Assure that your cleaner can prevent your skin from dehydration. Harsh cleansers with high pH can cause irritation and infection in your aged skin. Always choose a cleanser of low ph and avoid using toners. 

You might notice the cracks and dullness in the mature skin, and it is because, with the change in age, dead skin cells don’t replace new cells as quickly as in young skin. That means you need to exfoliate more often and gently than before. Exfoliate using both physical and chemical exfoliators. Your skin is already saggy, so avoiding harsh physical exfoliants, such as sugar scrubs and cleansers with beads, is recommended. Use a soft cloth or sponge instead. 

The best anti-aging assistants are vitamin-A derivatives (retinol, tretinoin, and tazarotene) and vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid and magnesium ascorbyl phosphate). Hence, applying the serum which contains these ingredients is healthy. Use the serum rather than a moisturizer because serum contains ingredients in high concentrations than a moisturizer. Pat, the serum on your skin, don’t rub it because of your skin’s sensitive sagginess and oldness. 

Sleeping positions also impact your aged skin. It is suggested to prevent your skin from trauma, as your fragile skin tends to have more wrinkles just because of your skin’s wrong position while you sleep.

Therefore, Despite the skin types mentioned above, your skin is beautiful and trustworthy. It is the best protector for you, both morally and environmentally. Thus, taking the best care of your skin and ensuring a good skincare routine can boost your skin’s beauty and enlighten your confidence to face the world with your skin type. 

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